The Historical Books – Part​ 1

The Bible – Historical Books Part 1 – power point PDF

Joshua

Core Ideas.

  1. Partial conquest and settlement of the Promised Land at the hand of Joshua’s leadership.

Book TimeSpan.

  1. From the beginning of the conquest till the death of Joshua.

Emphasis. 

  1. The engagement of the holy war, as God through his people repeatedly defeats the idolatrous Canaanites;
  2. the gift of the land to God’s people, thus fulfilling his covenant promise to the patriarchs; Israel’s need for continuing covenant faithfulness to the one true God

Important Scripture

Joshua 1:8

“This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have good success”

Major Points of Interest.

Joshua records the history of the how the generation after the original generation of Israel who was delivered from Egypt succeeds in the invasion of their conquest of the land of Canaan and used and God’s instrument of judgment to the Canaanite people evil.  Hundreds of years earlier God mad two Covenants with Abraham (Genesis 12 &15) and this is the fulfillment of the promised land based on that Covenant. This story unfolds in 4 parts:

  1. Chapters 1:12 – 5:12 Israels entrance into the Land.
  2. Chapters 5:13 – 12:24 Israels partial conquest of the land.
  3. Chapters 13 – 21 Israels distribution of the land.
  4. Chapters 22-24 Israel’s loyalty of Yahweh

Judges

Core Ideas.

  1. God appoints judges over the land of Israel to keep the awareness of the covenant God has with them.
  2. Lack of discipleship from one generation to the next produces lack of loyalty to the covenant and loyalty of God.
  3. Israel’s disobedience and idolatry.

Book TimeSpan.

  1. From the Death of Joshua till the Monarch.

Emphasis. 

  1. God’s continual rescue of their people despite their habitual disloyalty and failure towards God and keeping with the covenant.
  2. The downward spiral because of lack of discipleship.
  3. The need for accountability- A king.

Important Scripture

Judges 3:4

They were for the testing of Israel, to know whether Israel would obey the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Major Points of Interest.

Judges picks up with the conquest from Joshua leadership till his death.  To this point, Israel has had Moses and Joshua to help them fulfill God’s covenants and to help bring unity through their leadership. However with the passing of Joshua we have a void in that leadership so God gives them judges throughout the land.  The hole in leadership is also punctuated in the lack of discipleship and commitment found in the generation proceeding, Moses, and Joshua.  The generation proceeding Joshua benefited from the past leadership reaping the promised land, because of their disobedience to God didn’t fully prepare their children’s hearts (disciple) for right living in the land.  Thus, they began to break the Ten Commandments. They began to believe that Yahweh could be worship alongside the Canaanite Gods.  Thus, they began using and combining pagan elements of worship with that of Yahweh.  This is called syncretism. Because of this, they had broke covenant with God and instead of driving out the Canaanites they intermingled with it.  God, therefore, no longer came to their aid and allowed the Canaan to be “a thorn in their side and those God to be a snare to the Israelite.

This starts a repetitive cycle in the book of Judges. It is as follows:

  1. Israel does evil in the eyes of Yahweh by serving the Canaanite Baals (2:11–13).
  2. 2. They experience Yahweh’s anger in the form of failure in battle and oppression by their enemies (vv. 14–15).
  3. 3. The people cry out in their distress, and God rescues them by sending a judge-deliverer (vv. 16, 18).
  4. 4. When the judge dies, the cycle begins all over again (vv. 17, 19–23).

This sets the table for Israel’s desire for a King.


Ruth

Core Ideas.

  1. A story from the period of the Judges of loyalty.
  2. Naomi’s fortunes mirror Israel’s during this time.
  3. God, who is good and just, through these circumstances begins a lineage through King David and therefore, to Jesus.

Book TimeSpan.

  1. The span of a few years around 1100 BC.

Emphasis. 

  1. God story focuses in on the life of a village at the time of the judges.
  2. The welcoming of a foreign woman under Yahweh wings, and her conversion.
  3. God overseeing and superintending care for his covenant promise of Abraham “seed” through which all people will be blessed. This includes the promise of Genesis 3:15 which states that “the seed of the woman will crush the serpents head”.

Important Scripture

Ruth 1:16

But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you or to return from following you. For where you go I will go, and where you lodge I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God my God

Major Points of Interest.

The book of Judges is a really hard look at the condition of obedience in mankind and his people. Throughout it, the Israelites suffer NOT at the hand of GOd, but their own disobedience.  The book of Ruth is, therefore, a relief despite the bigger picture of what is happening during the time of Judges.

Concerning the book of Ruth, some have said it is a love story. While it appears that is true when following Boaz and Ruth, the real love story is their love for Naomi. Though a true story, their story God uses as a metaphor for His love for Israel. Ruth, coming from a pagan land, only has emptiness and moves back toward fullness as she comes into the land of Yahweh. In a sense, she came from a barren land to an inheritance given to her through Boaz as she assumes the responsibilities of that relationship.

Little do we find out that through Her relationship she creates offspring that will be a lineage that can be traced to King David and his covenant which will point to an inheritance for all mankind in Jesus.


1 & 2 Samuel

Core Ideas.

  1. The transition from the last Judge to Samuel.
  2. Samuel is used by God to pick the first King, King Saul
  3. The fall of Saul and Rise and reign of David

Book TimeSpan.

  1. From Samuels birth 1100 B.C. To the end of Davids Kingship 970 B.C.

Emphasis. 

  1. The beginning of kingship in Israel and covenant loyalty.
  2. The ark of the covenant, representing God’s presence
  3. Jerusalem is picked as the city of David
  4. The Davidic Covenant and its messianic overtones.
  5. Davids adultery and their consequences.

Important Scripture

2 Samuel 7:16

And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.

Major Points of Interest.

These books tell the story from the last of the judges, Samuel until the declining reign of King David. It centers around three main characters. First The prophet Samuel and last judge over Israel who God chooses to anoint two kings, Saul and David. There are 4 parts to this book.

  1. 1 Sam. 1- 7 is about the transition from Judges to the anointing of Israel’s first king, King Saul.
  2. 1 Sam. 8 -15 is God’s disapproval of Saul as King and anoints David to take his place.
  3. 1 Sam. 16 – 31 is Davids rise and Saul decline until his death.
  4. 2 Samuel – Is all about David, along with the prophetic mantle is now with Nathan
    1. David finds favor with the Lord and God establishes a new covenant. Davids dynasty shall always rule forever.

1 & 2 Kings

Core Ideas.

  1. Starts with Solomon
  2. The story of the decline of Israels Monarchy until it is dissolved.
  3. Israel’s explosion from the land.

Book TimeSpan.

  1. From the Death of David 970 BC to the 6th-century exile of Judah 586 BC.

Emphasis. 

  1. God evaluates the monarchy based on the covenant loyalty.
  2. National consequences for disloyalty.
  3. Expulsion from land, civil wars, and the rise of superpowers foretold by God.

Important Scripture

1 Kings 2:3

And observe what the LORD your God requires: Walk in obedience to him, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and regulations, as written in the Law of Moses. Do this so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you go

Major Points of Interest.

This history of Kings is really a look to see if the any given king had been loyal to the covenant with Yahweh. This is expressed in terms of his attitude toward the temple, and whether or not he advocated for syncretism (e.g., Jeroboam’s golden calves; see 2 Kgs 17:41) or rival gods altogether, especially Canaanite Baal worship. Even Solomons, who had a long a prosperous reign was judged reduced to two matters. First his building of the Temple, which brought about the presence of God and then secondly he was judged like all other kings for going the way of all kings (see Deut 17:16–17; 1 Sam 8:11–18) and for promoting idolatry through his many foreign wives (1 Kgs 11:1–13).

With the exception of a few kings after Solomon, Israel had turned its back from God’s covenant. The covenant reestablished in Deuteronomy is found in Solomon’s prayer and dedication of the temple but under his leadership, he allowed a culture of syncretism that Israel never was able to rid from its culture until the nation broke into two and then eventually was dissolved and captured.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s